Shoe polish with a shoe brush

Shoe polish can be classified into three types: wax,cream-emulsion,and liquid.Each differs in detailed composition but all consist of a mixture of waxes, solvent, and dyes.

Clean and apply conditioner to your shoes and boots once a month.

Let the shoes dry completely, and use a clean rag to rub in leather conditioner, Leather Deep Conditioner, to restore moisture.Give it a light buff with a horsehair shine brush after it dries.

Your shoes will show you if they need more conditioner,

Wax-based shoe polish

Waxes, organic solvents, and dyes comprise this type of polish. Waxes are 20-40% of the material. Natural waxes include carnauba and montan as well as synthetic waxes. The composition is determined by a balance of hardness and polishing properties after solvent has evaporated. Solvents are selected to match the waxes. About 70% of shoe polish is solvent. A variety of solvents are used including naphtha. Turpentine, although more expensive, is favored for its “shoe polish odor.” Dyes make up the final 2-3% of the polish. A traditional dye is nigrosine, but other dyes (including azo dyes) and pigments are used for oxblood, cordovan, and brown polishes.

Owing to their high content of volatile solvents, wax-based shoe polish harden after application, while retaining its gloss.Poorly blended polishes are known to suffer from blooming, evidenced by the appearance of a white coating of stearin on the polish surface.

Shoe creams

These polishes have a gelatinous consistency. They are comprised of the usual three components waxes, liquid vehicle, and dyes. Unlike shoe waxes, the creams contain 50% water plus 20-30% turpentine, so the liquid content is high. Emulsifiers and surfactants are required. These include ammonia, morpholine and various ethoxylated surfactants such as polysorbate 80. The waxes are often some mixture of carnauba wax, beeswax, montan wax and its oxidized derivatives, and paraffin waxes.

Liquid shoe polish

Liquid shoe polish is sold in a squeezable plastic bottle, with a small sponge applicator at the end. To decrease its viscosity, bottled polish usually has a very low wax content. Liquid shoe polish is a complex mixture. Polyethylene wax emulsion is a major component. Various polymers, typically acrylates, are the next major component, conferring gloss and holding the dyes in suspension. Resins and casein are selected to ensure adhesion to the leather. Fatty phosphate esters, emulsifiers, and glycols are also used. Pigments include titanium dioxide for whites and iron oxides for browns.

Keep the Soles Fresh

When your sole has worn down more than a quarter of an inch, the edge of the heel has rounded over, or you can feel things through the bottom, replace the sole. Stretching the life of a worn-out sole can break down the structure of the boot. And even if there’s plenty of sole remaining, the wear tilts your boot and can lead to back pain.